III-V Nanowires for Optoelectronics

Advanced structures with tailored functionality

In the nanowire geometry, the chemical composition can be changed in both the axial and the radial direction, leading to corresponding heterostructures and/or doping profiles. Such design concepts still strongly resemble established planar structures. Beyond those strategies, we investigate more advanced structures with the aim to tailor functionality in entirely new directions. For example, we synthesize nanowire heterostructures that are bent in a pre-defined way and employ the resulting complex strain gradients to influence radiative recombination processes. In addition, in many III-V nanowires both the wurtzite and zincblende crystal structure form. We exploit this polytypism to study crystal phase quantum structures of various dimensionalities with inherently atomically sharp interfaces and free from alloy disorder. In combination with compositional heterostructures, we realize complex topologies like quantum rings. Furthermore, we utilize dielectric confinement to modify radiative recombination in ultrathin nanowires.

 

In the project InterPhase funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, we study with different partners in Germany charge and energy transfer processes at hybrid organic/inorganic semiconductor interfaces. In particular, group-III nitride nanowires and nanowire heterostructures are coated with organic molecules to demonstrate and analyze two different effects. On the one hand, we aim to passivate the nanowire surface to favor radiative recombination processes in the inorganic semiconductor. On the other hand, our goal is to exploit Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) to combine efficient charge carrier transport in inorganic semiconductors with highly efficient light emission in organic semiconductors.

 

 

5 Author R. B. Lewis , P. Corfdir , H. Küpers , T. Flissikowski , O. Brandt , L. Geelhaar
Title

Nanowires bending over backward from strain partitioning in asymmetric core-shell heterostructures

Source Nano Lett. , 18 , 2343 ( 2018 )
DOI : 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b05221 | 2989 Cite : Bibtex RIS
R. B. Lewis, P. Corfdir, H. Küpers, T. Flissikowski, O. Brandt, and L. Geelhaar

4 Author P. Corfdir , H. Li , O. Marquardt , G. Gao , M. R. Molas , J. K. Zettler , D. v. Treeck , T. Flissikowski , M. Potemski , C. Draxl , A. Trampert , S. Fernández-Garrido , H. T. Grahn , O. Brandt
Title

Crystal-phase quantum wires: One-dimensional heterostructures with atomically flat interfaces

Source Nano Lett. , 18 , 247 ( 2018 )
DOI : 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03997 | 2978 Cite : Bibtex RIS
P. Corfdir, H. Li, O. Marquardt, G. Gao, M. R. Molas, J. K. Zettler, D. v. Treeck, T. Flissikowski, M. Potemski, C. Draxl, A. Trampert, S. Fernández-Garrido, H. T. Grahn, and O. Brandt

3 Author P. Corfdir , R. B. Lewis , O. Marquardt , H. Küpers , J. Grandal , E. Dimakis , A. Trampert , L. Geelhaar , O. Brandt , R. T. Phillips
Title

Exciton recombination at crystal-phase quantum rings in GaAs/InxGa1-xAs core/multishell nanowires

Source Appl. Phys. Lett. , 109 , 082107 ( 2016 )
DOI : 10.1063/1.4961245 | Download: PDF | 2830 Cite : Bibtex RIS
P. Corfdir, R. B. Lewis, O. Marquardt, H. Küpers, J. Grandal, E. Dimakis, A. Trampert, L. Geelhaar, O. Brandt, and R. T. Phillips

2 Author P. Corfdir , C. Hauswald , O. Marquardt , T. Flissikowski , J. K. Zettler , S. Fernández-Garrido , L. Geelhaar , H. T. Grahn , O. Brandt
Title

Crystal-phase quantum dots in GaN quantum wires

Source Phys. Rev. B , 93 , 115305 ( 2016 )
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.115305 | Download: PDF | 2783 Cite : Bibtex RIS
P. Corfdir, C. Hauswald, O. Marquardt, T. Flissikowski, J. K. Zettler, S. Fernández-Garrido, L. Geelhaar, H. T. Grahn, and O. Brandt

1 Author J. K. Zettler , P. Corfdir , C. Hauswald , E. Luna , U. Jahn , T. Flissikowski , E. Schmidt , C. Ronning , A. Trampert , L. Geelhaar , H. T. Grahn , O. Brandt , S. Fernández-Garrido
Title

Observation of dielectrically confined excitons in ultrathin GaN nanowires up to room temperature

Source Nano Lett. , 16 , 973 ( 2016 )
DOI : 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03931 | 2739 Cite : Bibtex RIS
J. K. Zettler, P. Corfdir, C. Hauswald, E. Luna, U. Jahn, T. Flissikowski, E. Schmidt, C. Ronning, A. Trampert, L. Geelhaar, H. T. Grahn, O. Brandt, and S. Fernández-Garrido

Contact

Dr. Lutz Geelhaar

Head of Department

+49 30 20377-359

geelhaar@pdi-berlin.de

Dr. Oliver Brandt

Senior Scientist

+49 30 20377-332

lab: -444

brandt@pdi-berlin.de