The GaAs core of our nanowires exhibits mostly the ZB polytype but a WZ segment is formed at the top towards the end of the core growth. The crystal structure of the core is adopted by the (In,Ga)As shell quantum well grown subsequently. Extended polytype segments are evidenced independently by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and nanoprobe X-ray diffraction (nXRD). For the same individual nanowires, cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging along the axis reveals a blueshift of the quantum well emission energy by about 75 meV in the WZ segment. Using atom probe tomography (APT), again directly correlated to CL measurements for the same nanowires, we find a 30% drop in In mole fraction going from the ZB to the WZ segment. These insights into the crystal structure and composition of the core-shell heterostructures enable k · p electronic band structure calculations for the specific sample geometry. We learn that the change in In composition is not the only reason for the observed blueshift of the quantum well emission. Equally important is the compressive strain imposed by the GaAs core on the (In,Ga)As shell quantum well, which has a much stronger impact on the hole ground state in the WZ than in the ZB segment. Our results highlight the role of the crystal structure in tuning the emission of (In,Ga)As quantum wells and pave the way to exploit the possibilities of three-dimensional bandgap engineering in core-shell nanowire heterostructures. At the same time, we have demonstrated an advanced characterization toolkit for the investigation of semiconductor nanostructures.
|1||Author||J. Lähnemann , M. O. Hill , J. Herranz , O. Marquardt , G. Gao , A. Al Hassan , A. Davtyan , S. O. Hruszkewycz , M. V. Holt , C. Huang , I. Calvo-Almazán , U. Jahn , U. Pietsch , L. J. Lauhon , L. Geelhaar|
Correlated nanoscale analysis of the emission from wurtzite versus zincblende (In,Ga)As/GaAs nanowire core-shell quantum wells
|Source||Nano Lett. , 19 , 4448 ( 2019 )|
: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b01241 |