III-V Nanowires for Optoelectronics

Synthesis

The best-known bottom-up method resulting in uniaxial growth of nanowires utilizes the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism in which the formation of a solid nanowire from the vapor phase is mediated by a tiny liquid metal droplet. We employ this approach (using Ga as the metal) for the synthesis of group-III-arsenide nanowires on Si(111) substrates. Selective area vapor-liquid-solid growth is readily obtained by patterning these substrates by electron beam lithography and reactive ion etching, leading to ordered nanowire arrays.   

An alternative bottom-up approach exists for materials that exhibit the tendency to form nanowires under suitable growth conditions spontaneously, i.e., without any external guidance. GaN is one of these materials, and is prone to the spontaneous formation of nanowires on a wide variety of substrates, including amorphous and crystalline insulators, semiconductors, and metals. We are currently focusing on the growth of group-III nitride nanowires on metallic substrates, and in particular on TiN – both as sputtered film and flexible foil – and graphene. In either case, ensembles of vertical GaN nanowires with excellent structural and optical properties can be obtained.

 

Spontaneously formed GaN nanowires invariably grow along the [000-1] direction, i.e., they are N polar. In order to synthesize Ga-polar group-III-nitride nanowires, we utilize top-down processes. In particular, we fabricate ordered arrays of nanowires from high-quality group-III-nitride layers and heterostructures either by selective area sublimation or by a combination of dry and wet chemical etching. This complementary approach allows us to study phenomena depending on, for example, nanowire diameter in a systematic fashion.

 

These three different synthesis methods represent our platform for both fundamental investigations aimed at elucidating formation mechanisms and the fabrication of nanowire samples for dedicated studies of material properties and applications.

Selected Publications

5 Author M. Azadmand , T. Auzelle , J. Lähnemann , G. Gao , L. Nicolai , M. Ramsteiner , A. Trampert , S. Sanguinetti , O. Brandt , L. Geelhaar
Title

Self-assembly of well-separated AlN nanowires directly on sputtered metallic TiN films

Source Phys. Status Solidi RRL , 14 , 1900615 ( 2020 )
DOI : 10.1002/pssr.201900615 | Download arXiv: 1910.07391 | 3149 Cite : Bibtex RIS
M. Azadmand, T. Auzelle, J. Lähnemann, G. Gao, L. Nicolai, M. Ramsteiner, A. Trampert, S. Sanguinetti, O. Brandt, and L. Geelhaar

4 Author S. Fernández-Garrido , T. Auzelle , J. Lähnemann , K. Wimmer , A. Tahraoui , O. Brandt
Title

Top-down fabrication of ordered arrays of GaN nanowires by selective area sublimation

Source Nanoscale Adv. , 1 , 1893 ( 2019 )
DOI : 10.1039/c8na00369f | Download arXiv: 1905.04948 | 3045 Cite : Bibtex RIS
S. Fernández-Garrido, T. Auzelle, J. Lähnemann, K. Wimmer, A. Tahraoui, and O. Brandt

3 Author H. Küpers , R. B. Lewis , A. Tahraoui , M. Matalla , O. Krüger , F. Bastiman , H. Riechert , L. Geelhaar
Title

The diameter evolution of selective area grown Ga-assisted GaAs nanowires in molecular beam epitaxy

Source Nano Res. , 11 , 2885 ( 2018 )
DOI : 10.1007/s12274-018-1984-1 | 2956 Cite : Bibtex RIS
H. Küpers, R. B. Lewis, A. Tahraoui, M. Matalla, O. Krüger, F. Bastiman, H. Riechert, and L. Geelhaar

2 Author R. B. Lewis , P. Corfdir , J. Herranz , H. Küpers , U. Jahn , O. Brandt , L. Geelhaar
Title

Self-assembly of InAs nanostructures on the sidewalls of GaAs nanowires directed by a Bi surfactant

Source Nano Lett. , 17 , 4255 ( 2017 )
DOI : 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01185 | Download arXiv: 1704.08014 | 2910 Cite : Bibtex RIS
R. B. Lewis, P. Corfdir, J. Herranz, H. Küpers, U. Jahn, O. Brandt, and L. Geelhaar

1 Author S. Fernández-Garrido , M. Ramsteiner , G. Gao , L. A. Galves , Bharat Sharma , P. Corfdir , G. Calabrese , Z. de Souza Schiaber , C. Pfüller , A. Trampert , J. M. J. Lopes , O. Brandt , L. Geelhaar
Title

Molecular Beam Epitaxy of GaN Nanowires on Epitaxial Graphene

Source Nano Lett. , 17 , 5213 ( 2017 )
DOI : 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01196 | 2906 Cite : Bibtex RIS
S. Fernández-Garrido, M. Ramsteiner, G. Gao, L. A. Galves, Bharat Sharma, P. Corfdir, G. Calabrese, Z. de Souza Schiaber, C. Pfüller, A. Trampert, J. M. J. Lopes, O. Brandt, and L. Geelhaar

Contact

Dr. Lutz Geelhaar

Head of Department

+49 30 20377-359

geelhaar@pdi-berlin.de

Dr. Oliver Brandt

Senior Scientist

+49 30 20377-332

lab: -444

brandt@pdi-berlin.de